Install and Run Joomla on Ubuntu

This article teaches you how to install and run Joomla on Ubuntu.

1. Open a terminal and run the following command to install PHP and MySQL:

sudo apt-get install apache2 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server

2. Set a mysql-root password (not the same as a root password, but a password for mysql)

mysql -u root

mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourpassword');
mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'yourhostname' = PASSWORD('yourpassword');

Where you should change ‘yourhostname’ in last line. Each successful mysql command will show:

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

3. Quit the mysql prompt:

mysql> \q

4. Get the most recent version of Joomla!

SOURCEPKG=Joomla_1.5.7-Stable-Full_Package.zip
SOURCEWWW=http://joomlacode.org/gf/download/frsrelease/8376/30993/Joomla_1.5.7-Stable-Full_Package.zip

5. Download Joomla
mkdir joomla
cd joomla
wget $SOURCEWWW

6. Unpack Joomla!
tar xvjf $SOURCEPKG

7. Cleanup
rm -f $SOURCEPKG

8. Move Joomla!
cd ..
sudo mv joomla /var/www/

9. Set permission to writable, allow writting in whole joomla subtree

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/joomla

10. Handle file and directory permissions:

cd /var/www/joomla
sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;
sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;

11. Create a database for Joomla!

mysqladmin -u root -p create joomla

12. creates a mysql user (other than the mysql root user) with some priviledges to use the joomla database

mysql -u root -p
mysql> GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, INDEX, ALTER, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES ON joomla.* TO 'yourusername'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'yourpassword';

13. activate the new permissions

mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

14. Quit the mysql prompt

mysql> \q

15. Open history file for MySQL commands and delete the above SQL, since the password is in readable format!

gedit ~/.mysql_history

16. Restart Apache2

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

17. Point your browser to http://localhost/joomla/, and you will be guided through by the Joomla! installer.

Good Luck!

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About Shi Chuan

I am a web developer.
This entry was posted in Linux and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

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